Adult Male told from Shikra by darker slate-grey upperpartslacking strong contrast with primaries, stronger reddish-orange barring to underparts, absence of gular stripe and more prominent tail barring.
Adult Female has dark brown upperparts, while supercilium and dark brown barrings on underparts and underwing-coverts.
Juvenile is dark brown above, with fufous fringes, underparts usually look barred, but at close range, the immature male may show streaking or spotting , but always lacks gular stripe.
Breeding April - June
Distribution Winter Visitor